If you’re thinking about finding a job in Canada, and perhaps a new life here, there are generous Canadian visa programs that you can take advantage of to fulfill your dream Canadian job. Canada welcomes over 35 million temporary residents each year.
There are multiple ways you can achieve your dream of relocating to Canada, even on a temporary basis, but your chances of success depend on you following the right visa path. For instance, more than 75,000 people found a job in Canada in 2020 through the Temporary Foreign Worker program.
Here’s a brief look at Canada’s Temporary Work Permits that can earn you a plane ticket to Canada and a chance to apply for permanent residency later on.
How can a foreign national get a job in Canada?
If you’re interested in working in Canada, you would need to start looking for job opportunities well before initiating the legal process to get a work permit.
You would need to assess your skills and figure out what type of job you’re best suited for. If you’re good at something that requires high skills, the greater your chances of finding a position will be.
You can browse various Canadian job boards including Canada Career Site and contact local employers who might be interested in your skills. The backing of a local employer is essential for obtaining a work permit for Canada.
Types of Canadian work permits
There are various types of Canadian work permits, falling in two distinct categories – those that require certain professional skills and those exempt from this requirement.
Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)
This program is meant to allow Canadian employers to find temporary workers with specific skills, if they can prove there’s a shortage of such skills in the local workforce. The employer is required to provide a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) if they wish to sponsor a foreign national for a work permit.
LMIA work permits are available to highly-skilled professionals, but you cannot apply for one until your prospective employer does their bit. The employer needs to prove they have done all they could to find a Canadian citizen or permanent resident suitable for the position. They will also need to provide documents attesting they will pay the foreign national the same salary they would pay a Canadian citizen.
Facilitated LMIA permits are available for Canadian employers in the province of Quebec, which has been granted greater autonomy as compared to other Canadian provinces. You may need to learn French to get a higher chance of landing a job in Quebec.
Global Talent Stream work permits are available for Canadian employers looking to employ highly-skilled foreign nationals, in order to stay competitive on the international market.
LMIA-exempt work permits
This path allows Canadian employers to hire foreign nationals without the need of a LMIA, if they meet certain conditions. Such permits are granted under the International Mobility Program. In order to qualify for an LMIA exemptions, foreign nationals will be hired under the various international agreements Canada is part of, such as:
- North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
- Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)
- General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
- Free Trade Agreement treaties with Chile, Peru, Colombia and Korea.
- Intra-Company transfers allow employees of a Canada-based multinational company to obtain a temporary work permit for Canada, by-passing LMIA.
Open work permits
An open work permit allows a foreign worker to work in Canada without first having a specific job offer. This means that the foreign national can work for any Canadian employer in any location in Canada. There are some restrictions to it though including the kind of job or specific location where he may work. Open work permits are most commonly issued through the following immigration programs.
Post Graduate Work Permit (PGWP) – is an open work permits available to postgraduate foreign nationals of a Canadian higher education institution interested in finding work in Canada.
International Experience Canada (IEC) – is a program designed to allow young people from participating nations to come to Canada for a period of time to live and work.
The Bridging Open Work Permit (BOWP) – permits foreign nationals who are presently working in Canada to extend their work permit while their permanent residency application is being processed.
Spousal/Common-Law Sponsorship Open Work Permit – allows Canadian citizen or permanent resident to sponsor his or her spouse or common-law partner for permanent residence in Canada
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